An increasing body of research provides evidence on relevant underlying factors. We highlight a few pieces below, and a fuller overview can be found here.

Women are less likely to get tenure

  • After controlling for all observable factors, including both productivity and family commitments, women in economics are 20% less likely than men to get tenure and 50% less likely to be promoted to the rank of full professor.  The gap is even larger for single women and women without children (Ginther and Kahn, 2014)

In co-authored work, men tend to get more credit than women

  • NYT article
  • Washington Post article
    • Sarsons (2015) finds that women get less credit than men in co-authored research. (See also, the related NYT article.)
      • Solo-authored paper increases tenure by:
        • for a man: 8%
        • for a women: 9%
      • Co-authored paper increases prob(tenure) by:
        • for a man: 8%
        • for a woman: 2%
      • Co-authoring with men increases prob(tenure) by:
        • for a man:  7%
        • for a woman: 0%

Women are rarely chosen as keynote speakers

  • Western Finance Association (WFA) Conference:  over 38 years, only 1 woman has been a keynote speaker
  • World Finance Conference:  over 10 years and 19 keynote speakers, zero have been women
  • This article in The Atlantic suggests that such statistics would not happen randomly

In STEM fields that have been more pro-active on gender issues,